A Toast to the Ghosts of Walldogs of Yore

Today we call them “ghost signs.” But these now-faded signs on the walls of buildings were the latest in outdoor advertising before billboards lined highways and neon flashed over city sidewalks. Artists—called “walldogs”—painted such signs on the exterior walls of businesses to advertise the businesses or national brands. Walldogs made a sketch drawn to scale, mixed their own (lead-based) paints, and free-handed each sign, fitting the layout of the sketch to the wall space available. Walldogs relied on big letters and high-contrast colors to catch the eye of consumers. Brick walls were their preferred canvas: The courses of bricks made a handy grid.

If you know where to look around town, you can still see a few signs that have not given up the ghost, handpainted by, if you will, Norman Rockwalls.

ghost 12-10-18On December 10, 1918, just a month after World War I ended, this ad appeared in the Star-Telegram. Advertisements for Owl and White Owl cigars were common at one time in newspapers and on building walls.

At least three Owl cigars ghost signs survive on the North Side, two of them on one building on West Exchange Avenue.

ghost sign owl cigars

Can you make out the big owl on the left side of the wall, above the letters “COF” in “COFFEE” across the bottom? This ad for Owl brand cigars is on the east wall of the Cantina Cadillac bar building (1908) on Exchange Avenue near the Stockyards. In earlier incarnations the building was a hotel, boarding house, furniture company, dry goods store, and Stockyards Lodge 1224 of the Masons. Owl brand cigars (which became White Owl brand cigars in 1917) were made in New York. The company began in 1861 as Straiton & Storm Company. Why “Owl”? Founder Frederic Storm came up with the Owl brand name one night in 1871 after a white owl flew into a bedroom window of his home on Long Island.

ghost cadillac owl 2

On that same building, can you see the head of the owl posed against a full moon? At the bottom is “now 5 cts.”

ghost delcoPart of another Owl cigars sign can barely be made out in the lower-right corner of this much-used wall of the AFL-CIO union hall (1908) on North Main Street. This Owl sign originally read “Straiton & Storm’s Owl Cigar Now 5 Cts.”

The Stockyards area is the host with the most ghosts. Here are some more:

ghost-royal-crownOn the north wall of the Lehman Dry Goods Company building (1919) at 2457 North Main is a faded sign for Royal Crown Cola: “best by taste-test.” The wall sign probably looked like the vintage metal sign in the inset.

ghost-rc-adFort Worth had a Royal Crown bottling plant (Nehi Beverage Company) at 701 North Main. In 1942 Coca-Cola sued Royal Crown over use of the word cola.

ghost-rc-buildingThe Royal Crown bottling plant building still stands.

On the Marine Creek side of the horse and mule barns at the Stockyards are two signs:

ghost-horse-and-mulePartially hidden by a tree at the south end of the building is “Stockyards Horse & Mule Com. Co.”

ghost-rominger-adNote that one of the directors was W. O. Rominger.

At the north end of the building is this sign for Rominger. Rominger, like Waddy Ross, was a prominent horse and mule dealer at the Stockyards early in the twentieth century.

ghost sign los vaquerosCoca-Cola bottle on the Los Vaqueros building (1915) on North Main. The building was built to be a slaughterhouse.

This “Drink Dr Pepper/Good for Life” ghost sign is partly concealed under the stucco at the New Isis Theater on North Main.

Obscured by stucco to the right of the Dr Pepper sign is a Falstaff beer sign. A local Falstaff distributor was located a few blocks south.

The original Isis Theatre was built in 1913 but was damaged by fire. It reopened in 1936 as the “New Isis.” It closed in 1988, but new owner Jeffrey Smith hopes to restore the theater as the “Downtown Cowtown at the Isis.”

Meanwhile, across the street, for beverage drinkers over age twenty-one, . . .

. . . there’s this Miller High Life sign. For a ghost sign tucked in an alley, it has a healthy tan. It’s on the back wall of the Maverick Hotel (1906) on Exchange Avenue.

post office exchangeThis building (c. 1909) at 300 West Exchange originally housed the Stockyards branch of the post office and the grocery store of Frank Brooks.

The Stockyards area has the greatest concentration of ghost signs, but here are some located elsewhere:

ghost southlandThis building (1910) on Houston Street downtown once housed Atlantic Coffee Company, drugstores, and Thompson’s Bookstore. Joe Peters at the hat shop across the street told me he thought Southland was an insurance company.

And indeed there was a Southland Insurance Company, mentioned in this report on the sanity hearing of Mrs. Sneed during the Boyce-Sneed feud.

The company’s Fort Worth office was in the Flatiron Building one block south.

ghost standard macStandard Macaroni building on East Vickery Boulevard. One hundred years ago Standard Macaroni was a rival of nearby O.B. Macaroni.

ghost-la-cavaAt 709 West Magnolia Avenue “service” and “quality” flanked the entrance of the dry cleaners of William Burts La Cava for more than fifty years.

la-cava-1920La Cava was a prominent entrepreneur of the near South Side. He opened his new business in his new building in 1920. In 1927 he built the La Cava Building next door at 1300 Hemphill Street. He also operated Magnolia Market neighborhood grocery at 1304 Hemphill. (And in a side business, La Cava sold dahlia seeds from his dry cleaners building!)

la-cava-obitWilliam Burts La Cava died in 1971. His cleaners closed soon after.

ghost partlows pastryOn Vaughn Boulevard in the former city hall (1914) of the town of Polytechnic, was Partlow’s Pastry Shop.

ghost-king-2017King Candy Company on East 8th Street.

king-sanborn-1911By 1911 the three-building King complex also housed the beer vault of Miller Brewing Company.

Back when neighborhood grocery stores flourished, an early Piggly Wiggly store was located in half of the Old Home Supply building (1925) on College Avenue. The Piggly Wiggly chain began in Memphis in 1916 as the first true self-serve grocery. Before this innovation, a shopper handed a list to a clerk, who fetched the items from shelves. Why “Piggly Wiggly”? According to one story, chain founder Clarence Saunders saw some piglets struggling to get under a fence, and the rhyming name occurred to him in a flash of porcine inspiration.

1930 pigglyghost-dunnagan-buildingFinally, at 526 Jennings Avenue on the near South Side, you might pass this building (1913) and see nothing on the wall next to the parking lot.

bewley-ghostHere’s a closer look at that wall. Give it a good squint.

bewley-1924-adBased on my squint and on other Bewley advertising, I have superimposed the likely image and wording of the wall sign:

bewley-ghost-rebuiltThe mill founded by Murray Percival Bewley in 1882 produced flour, corn meal, and livestock feed in Fort Worth for eighty years. In the 1960s the Dunnagan family moved its iron works into this building, but the sign was painted on this building because for much of the building’s life it housed a neighborhood grocery store.

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2 Responses to A Toast to the Ghosts of Walldogs of Yore

  1. Pam Burnett says:

    I really enjoyed your tour of ghost signs. Thank you!

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