Le Premier Vol: Into le Sauvage Bleu Yonder, Y’All

On January 12, 1911 a crowd estimated at fifteen thousand gathered at Fort Worth’s driving park to witness a changing world.

driving-park-west-7th-planned-1905Some background: The driving park had opened in 1905 north of City Park (now “Trinity Park”) and north of where the Montgomery Ward store would be built in 1928. In 1905 West 7th Street was still called “Arlington Heights Boulevard.” Clip is from the September 22 Telegram.

pcp 1906 barney 4-28-06From its beginning the driving park was a showcase of technological innovation. The driving park was 1905’s version of Texas Motor Speedway. In 1906 daredevil autoist Barney Oldfield set a world auto speed record for two miles at the driving park, averaging just under sixty miles per hour. (Thirty years later Oldfield would be back in town as official greeter at the Frontier Centennial.) Note that a $500 purse was offered by A. B. Wharton, the man of the house at Thistle Hill. Wharton opened one of Fort Worth’s first “auto liveries.” Clip is from the April 28 Dallas Morning News.

driving-park-7thThe oval track of the driving park appears on the 1920 Rogers city map. (Court House Avenue became “White Settlement Road.”) In 1930 part of the oval can still be seen behind the Montgomery Ward building in a photo that appeared in the TCU yearbook. The building in the foreground is the 1916 Chevrolet plant. (Map detail from Pete Charlton’s “1000+ Lost Antique Maps of Texas & the Southwest on DVD-ROM”; yearbook scan by Pete Charlton.)

full pageLike an earlier driving park on Samuels Avenue, the driving park on West 7th Street offered more than just equine events (polo, horse shows, riding and racing): It offered baseball, tennis, rodeo, motorcycle races, auto races, shooting contests, casting contests, baby contests. In fact, on January 12, 1911 the people in the crowd at the driving park, who were probably still getting accustomed to seeing gas-powered machines on the roads, gathered to witness something even more astounding: gas-powered machines in the air.

An international team of aviation pioneers would defy death and gravity during the Great Aviation Meet. Team members included Edmond Audemars (Swiss) and Rene Simon, Rene Barrier, and Roland Garros (French), who would make flights in both biplanes and monoplanes, including a Demoiselle (a damselfly or small crane), “the smallest heavier-than-air machine in the world” (weight: 243 pounds). Another highlight would be an air-ground race between two members of the team: Simon (the “fool flyer”) flying an airplane and American Joe Seymour driving a Fiat car. Full-page ad is from the January 12 Star-Telegram.

cultured cowtownAmong those Fort Worthians who had worked to bring the Great Aviation Meet to town was Star-Telegram secretary and business manager Amon Carter. The editorial page on January 12 helped readers appreciate the difference between a monoplane and a biplane in terms Cowtowners could relate to, calling the monoplane a “shorthorn” and the biplane a “longhorn.”

Carter, an early proponent of aviation, would be instrumental in bringing lots more airplanes to Fort Worth, first with Camp Taliaferro, then Texas Air Transport (now “American Airlines”), and then the bomber plant and Tarrant Field (later “Carswell Air Force Base”).

full page ads 1-11Local advertisers tailored their ads to the air show. “Our profits are up in the air on winter underwear,” said Jamieson and Miller menswear store in the Worth Hotel.

half day offMany employers gave workers a half-day off to attend the air show. The flying circus performed in several Texas cities to big crowds: 5,000 spectators in Temple, 8,000 in Waco, 20,000 in Dallas, 25,000 in El Paso, 25,000 in Houston. On January 9 in El Paso, the Morning Times there reported, Rene Simon and Roland Garros were forced to take off from Washington Park “to escape having their machines taken apart piecemeal as souvenirs” by “the big crowd, going wild with enthusiasm.” A similar incident occurred in Houston.

It’s no wonder the crowds were huge. This was sure-’nuff derring-do by jaunty young men who were making it up as they went along. Obviously in 1911 no one had a lot of experience in flying. The primitive airplanes, like their pilots, were unproven. High wind could blow a small, underpowered plane off course or into the ground. The pilots navigated largely by sight. Roland Garros, best remembered of those pioneer aviators who flew in the Great Aviation Meet at Fort Worth, had gotten lost in the clouds at the Dallas show and would be overtaken by darkness at the Houston show and forced to land ten miles away from where he took off.

first day headsSo heavy was attendance on the first day of the Fort Wort show that a traffic jam on the bridge over the Trinity River stopped streetcar traffic on Arlington Heights Boulevard.

cartoon 1-11-11Star-Telegram cartoonist Heppner Blackman recognized that change was in the air.

garros and teamIn 1912 McClure’s Magazine printed a feature on the stars of the Great Aviation Meet of 1911. “Moisant” was John B. Moisant, “king of aviators,” who was killed two weeks before the Fort Worth air show when his plane crashed in New Orleans during the Michelin Cup flight competition.

Bleriot_XI wikiRoland Garros is credited with making the first powered flight from Fort Worth on January 12, 1911 in his Bleriot XI Statue of Liberty monoplane. (Photo of a Bleriot XI from Wikipedia.)

final day headsThe other pilots in the flying troupe had refused to fly their flimsy planes that day because of winds of twenty-five miles per hour. But Garros did not want to disappoint the crowd, who had been waiting for four hours to see his flying machine in action. He stared down the wind and went up in his monoplane, leveled off at twenty-one hundred feet, and flew ten miles in seven minutes over the North Side.

final day photosClip is from January 13.

day after headsOn the second and final day of the meet, wind was even more of a problem than it had been on the first day. But Rene Simon (the “fool flyer”) got his monoplane into the air, circled the driving park twice (even as his engine stopped once in midflight), and flew “only a few feet above the heads” of those in the crowd at the park. Edmond Audemars’s airplane was airborne only briefly and was damaged while landing.

Roland Garros would go on to set speed and altitude records. McClure’s Magazine in 1912 described Garros’s method of reaching high altitudes: “The process is simple—for Garros. He rose in spirals until his gasoline was gone, then glided down again in wide circles. It took him about an hour and a half to climb up and twelves minutes to come down.”

In 1913 Garros would be the first person to fly across the Mediterranean Sea.

garros missing deadBut during World War I on October 8, 1918 Garros, flying for the French army, would be reported missing over German lines. On October 31 he would be reported killed in action at age twenty-nine.

garros-city-parkgarros-markerFort Worth’s driving park closed in the early 1920s. Today First Flight Park at 2700 Mercedes Avenue near the site of the driving park commemorates Garros’s achievement.

(Aviation continued to be all the rage throughout 1911. In October pioneer aviator Cal Rodgers would land his Vin Fiz in a pasture that today we call “Ryan Place.”)

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