You might drive past them without even seeing them. Some stand right next to busy streets, some hunker hidden by a screen of brush. Some are tucked away on residential streets and dead-end roads, others on isolated hilltops off main highways, in a railroad right-of-way, even in a hotel parking lot and on a golf course. Some are well maintained and still in service; some are neglected and forgotten.
They are pocket cemeteries, little islands of eternity, and with the passage of time they have become surrounded by the world of “life goes on.”
Small, old cemeteries often have gotten in the way of progress and have disappeared under a shroud of concrete, their dearly departed dug up and transferred to other cemeteries. An example is White Settlement Cemetery, whose graves had to be moved when a runway at adjacent Carswell Air Force Base was extended in 1953. But some pocket cemeteries have held out against a changing world, the embodiment of the old spiritual “I Shall Not Be Moved”:
Though the tempest rages, I shall not be moved.
On the rock of ages, I shall not be moved.
Just like the tree that’s planted by the water,
I shall not be moved.
This four-part post presents twenty pocket cemeteries. (There are dozens more in the county.) Here in Part 1 we look at communal cemeteries, where members of a community or a church found common ground. Part 2 and Part 3 present cemeteries that were founded for family, and Part 4 presents a cemetery that was founded by ex-slaves and a garden that was founded to commemorate victims of murder.
Today this little cemetery on Chapin Road next to Leonard Middle School is known as “Jackson Cemetery.” But originally the cemetery was known as “Mary’s Creek Cemetery” or “Chapin Cemetery” because it served the Mary’s Creek (Chapin) community, which was located where Mary’s Creek, Chapin Road, and Chapin School Road are today in southwest Fort Worth. Mary’s Creek is a tributary of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River. The cemetery has about forty grave markers. Some graves are unmarked, and more graves are believed to be under the parking lot of the adjacent church. The cemetery originally covered one acre.
This detail from an 1895 county map shows the “grave yard” (upper center) about a mile north of Benbrook. The cemetery was located on land owned by Mary’s Creek settler Ivory Hawkins Chapin. Chapin owned land in the Zachary and Creswell surveys.
The Mary’s Creek community had a school (see 1895 map), which opened in the late 1870s in a log cabin on land donated by Ivory Hawkins Chapin. In 1884 the school was moved to a two-room frame building on land donated by J. Fielding Dunlap (see 1895 map). In 1936 the school was moved again to a rock building on Chapin Road. In 1961 the Fort Worth school district annexed the Chapin school district, although the school continued in operation until 1968. This marker is on Spur 580 just east of the bridge over Mary’s Creek.
The Chapin school served as a polling place for Mary’s Creek in the early twentieth century.
The earliest marked grave in the cemetery is that of Isabella S. Dunlap (1817-1867), wife of James Dunlap (1818-1884).
“Sleep, Willie Dear, and take thy rest.
God called thee home, he thought it best.”
W. M. Bouvet (1861-1906) lived west of the cemetery (see 1895 map).
Henry Eddie Childers, son of J. A. and P. L. Childers, lived less than a year. The Childerses lived south of the cemetery near Benbrook (see 1895 map).
Sylvester Moore lived just east of the cemetery (see 1895 map).
Mary’s Creek benefactor Ivory Hawkins Chapin died in 1897.
The community of Mary’s Creek was a pretty quiet place . . .
except when the stage coach was being robbed. The stage coach from Fort Worth to Yuma, Arizona traveled the road to Weatherford (Bankhead Highway, U.S. 80), which crossed Mary’s Creek. The hatched line on the 1895 map is the road to Weatherford.
The stage was robbed on October 22, 1878 . . .
and again just a few days later at a place called “Robbers’ Hollow,” which was about a mile northwest of Train Robber’s Bridge (see 1895 map), where the Texas & Pacific train was robbed twice in 1887 and again in 1894 as it was crossing Mary’s Creek.
The cemetery is called “Jackson Cemetery” today because John L. Jackson, banker and rancher, bought the land from the heirs of Ivory Hawkins Chapin and wife Lizzie Greenwell Chapin in 1899.
John L. is one of four Jacksons buried in the cemetery. His tombstone is the most prominent.
On a hilltop near the dam of Arlington Lake is Handley Hill Cemetery (also known as “Ebenezer Cemetery”), an African-American church-affiliated cemetery that once was accessible by Arkansas Lane before the road was closed.
Some of the tombstones are made of concrete, not stone. The earliest burial is 1902.
Hidden behind a wall of brush, Thompson Community Cemetery (yellow square) hides on busy Westworth Boulevard on the West Side.
The cemetery has seventy-five graves, some of them marked with only fieldstones or “Unknown.” Some graves have no marker at all. Eleven of the cemetery’s burials are Farmers, who were early settlers in the White Settlement-Castleberry area. Farmers Branch creek is seventeen hundred feet north of the cemetery.
Among the cemetery’s eleven Farmers is Joseph Beryl. He and David Vaughn Farmer were brothers of George Preston Farmer (see Little House on the Prairie: The First Family of Fort Worth).
James Ventioner is recognized as the first settler in the River Oaks area. In 1849 he built a log cabin five miles west of the Army’s Fort Worth. Ventioner married Millie Farmer, sister of the three Farmer brothers, became a prominent grain farmer, and amassed a large landholding eventually stretching from east of today’s Jacksboro Highway to Roaring Springs Road.
Two photos from Down Historic Trails of Fort Worth and Tarrant County show Ventioner and his cabin, the original log part on the left. The two men in the bottom photo may be James Sr. and James Jr.
In 1875 William Josephus Redford donated two acres of land for Trinity Academy. The school’s building was located just east of today’s intersection of White Settlement Road and Cherry Lane. Trinity Academy operated until 1901.
The family of Henry Jack Thompson (1832-1883) donated land for Thompson Community Cemetery. No one with the surname Thompson is buried there. But fifteen hundred feet northwest, on Hawks Creek Golf Club, is Thompson Family Cemetery (see Part 3). Lots of Thompsons there. And more Farmers.
You can’t miss sprawling Greenwood Cemetery on White Settlement Road and University Drive, but you might miss little Ahavath Sholom Cemetery, which was carved from six acres of the east side of Greenwood in 1909. The pebbles are “stones of remembrance,” which visitors place—instead of flowers—on graves.
Among those buried at Ahavath Sholom Cemetery is George Levitan.
Emanuel Hebrew Rest (1879) on South Main Street is almost surrounded by the campus of John Peter Smith Hospital. City father John Peter Smith (1831-1901) donated the land for both cemetery and hospital.
Among those buried in Emanuel Hebrew Rest is Alphonse August, who owned a clothing store downtown for many years. In 1910 he built the August Building on Commerce Street, which housed not only his clothing store but also the second Majestic Theater, a Maxwell car dealership, and the offices of the Rock Island and Fort Worth & Rio Grande railroads.
East Side residents buried there include county school superintendent Duncan McRae (1845-1912) and members of the pioneer Tandy and Hall families. The cemetery is maintained by a fund established by Paul Hollis, inventor of Poly Pop.
In 1883 landowner J. W. Chapman deeded Forest Hill Cemetery to Forest Hill Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
Among its burials are Press and Jane Farmer (see also Thompson Community Cemetery).
Handley Cemetery, near Spur 303 and Handley Drive, is surrounded by the TXU power plant. The cemetery was set aside for the community in 1876 when the T&P railroad laid tracks through town, but the oldest grave dates to 1852.
Cast-zinc tombstone of Minnie Sealy, erected 1898. The inscription on the rear is based on a poem attributed to Martha Jane Welch Dunn in 1896:
We miss thee from our home, dear,
We miss thee from thy place.
As shadows o’er our life is cast,
We miss the sunshine of thy face.
We miss thy kind and willing hand,
Thy fond and earnest care.
Our home is dark without thee.
We miss thee everywhere.
Hand-inscribed tombstone of Lavina Ellen Jacobs reads: “To The Memry of L. E. Jacobs Was Born Mar ch 2 AD 1842 Dc Aug. 11 1883.”
If you are familiar with the East Side, you may be familiar with Ederville Road and Handley-Ederville Road. Here lies the man.
In the 1870s George Eder owned a lot of farmland a mile or so north of Handley. One day he dug a well and discovered that the water therein had a healthful mineral content. Other wells were dug. Word spread. A hotel was built at the wells to accommodate people who came to “take the waters.” The hotel had two stories, fourteen rooms, and separate mineral water baths for men and women.
Enter Joseph S. “Buckskin Joe” Works, who wore his hair long and dressed in a buckskin shirt. Works was a “professional booster,” an entrepreneur who traveled around “colonizing” settlements during the late nineteenth century as railroads spread and as Oklahoma was opened to white settlement.
Early in the 1880s, in return for helping to establish colonies along the Fort Worth & Denver railroad, Buckskin Joe was given ninety acres of land near George Eder’s land. Buckskin Joe looked at Eder’s mineral water wells and the thriving hotel and felt they deserved their own town.
So, about 1882 Works platted his ninety acres, began selling lots, and named his settlement “Ederville” to capitalize on the name recognition of George Eder’s popular mineral water.
In turn, the hotel took the name of Buckskin Joe’s new settlement. Ederville was located about where 820 and I-30 intersect today.
In 1975 former Ederville resident Johnnie Lilla Farrell (born 1902) recalled the settlement.
“George Eder dug the [first] well about 1875. The water was drawn from the wells by hand, heated, and mudpacks made. The deepest well produced a pound of crystals for every nine gallons of water. . . . I’ve heard my mother say that people would come and stay in tents for treatment of arthritis, that she saw them get up and walk away.”
In addition to the hotel, Farrell recalled, Ederville in its prime had a nine-grade school, pavilion, skating rink, post office, blacksmith, saloon, church, and drugstore. She said her grandfather, Reverend Washington Marion Isham (see Part 2), once owned the hotel.
An 1895 map shows the “mineral well hotel” north of Handley. (Map from Pete Charlton’s “1000+ Lost Antique Maps of Texas & the Southwest on DVD-ROM.”)
In 1889 Ederville became a stop on a new Star Route. Star Routes were part of the nation’s network for mail delivery. The Post Office Department hired contractors for these routes and allowed them to use any form of transportation they chose to carry the mail. The 1895 map shows a road from Handley (lower left) north to near the Ederville Hotel and then east to Randol (as in Randol Mill).
In fact, in 1890 Buckskin Joe was appointed postmaster at Ederville.
By 1904 the Ederville Mineral Wells Company was advertising the “Ederville water cure” and the Ederville Hotel and offering to deliver water to Fort Worth. Johnnie Lilla Farrell recalled, “Ederville was a popular place in the 1890s, but it went downhill after 1913.”
In 1915 the superintendent of county schools praised the Ederville school as “probably the best behaved country school of all he has visited.”
And in 1915 Ederville got a “new summer resort” and a new pavilion. But the revival was short-lived. George Eder’s healthful wells dried up, and Ederville’s raison d’etre evaporated.
By 1920 only the Ederville school was shown on a county map.
This Star-Telegram report is vague, but in 1955 Fort Worth annexed Ederville as the turnpike (I-30 today) and Village Creek sewage treatment plant were being planned.
Handley Cemetery, like the town, was named for Confederate Major James Madison Handley, who owned a plantation nearby. He died in 1908 and was buried here. Clip is from the April 2, 1908 Telegram.
Newspaper clipping from Tarrant County College NE, Heritage Room.
But in 1930 Major Handley was reburied at nearby Rose Hill Cemetery on land where he had once planned to build a home for his bride-to-be. Clip is from the August 2 Dallas Morning News.
Both the Morning News story and the headstone are incorrect: Handley died in 1908.
A stone chapel now occupies the top of Rose Hill.
Birdville Cemetery is squeezed between a mobile home park and Fossil Creek in Haltom City. Its oldest grave dates to 1852. Some families have four generations buried here.
Southwest of Lake Como is Lake Como Cemetery, begun in the 1920s to serve the African-American community of Como.
Grief is grief, whether the inscription is done by a high-tech engraving machine on fancy marble or by a stick in wet concrete.