“America and Peace”: “The World War Is Ended”

Armistice Day was first celebrated on November 11, 1919 to commemorate the armistice that had ended World War I on November 11, 1918. In 1954 the name of the holiday was changed to “Veterans Day.” (Veterans Day honors all veterans; Memorial Day honors those who died while serving.)

Here is how the Star-Telegram reported the declaration of peace on November 11, 1918—a century ago today:

The front page.

armistice wilsonA message from President Wilson.

war over extraWithin minutes after Associated Press announced the armistice, the Star-Telegram had an extra edition on the streets at 2 a.m. People celebrated the news with gunfire, hurrahs, car horns, and a trombone playing “Taps.” The fire bell was rung at the central fire station; the whistles blew at the Texas & Pacific roundhouse; the chimes of First Presbyterian Church rang out the Doxology.

Der kaiser is kaput, y’all, at least symbolically.

Fender-benders, bells, and bullets.

The federal fuel administration lifted the ban on night lights for the peace celebration.

“. . . we have stood the test of war.”

Readers no doubt hoped they had read their last “Roll of Honor” of those killed, wounded, and missing in action.

On November 11, 1921 an unidentified American soldier whose remains had been brought back from France was interred in the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.

The changing of the guard at the tomb (photo from Wikipedia).

Around town, some memorials to America’s veterans:

Veterans Memorial Park sits on the former location of the headquarters of the 36th Infantry Division of the Army’s Camp Bowie.

memorial day monument mount olivetAt Mount Olivet.

richhart columnsVietnam War Memorial at Botanic Garden. The columns came from the Quality Hill mansion of C. A. O’Keefe, rescued from demolition by C. L. and Lucille Richhart.

In Dutch Branch Park, Benbrook.

Highway 26 in Colleyville is designated a Blue Star Memorial Highway to honor veterans.

veterans day courthouseOn the courthouse lawn.

“War Is Ended” One Year Later: The First Veterans Day 

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