The Samuels Avenue neighborhood is one of Fort Worth’s most evocative. When the town first expanded out from the abandoned military fort, it expanded northeast, into the bend of the river toward Traders Oak, where Henry Clay Daggett and Archibald Leonard had begun the town’s first business in 1849 and where the county’s first election had been held in 1850. In 1859 Sam Houston spoke to an Independence Day crowd at Cold Springs, a popular recreation area east of Samuels Avenue. People later went out to the driving park (see Part 2 on Monday) to ride and race and bet and out to the pavilion (see Part 3 on Tuesday) to picnic and dance and be entertained.
Also on Samuels Avenue is aptly named Pioneers Rest, the town’s first cemetery, a who’s who of history: Buried therein are Major Ripley Arnold, General Edward H. Tarrant, General James J. Byrne, Captain Ephraim Merrell Daggett, Roger Tandy, Lemuel Edwards.
Baldwin L. Samuel also is buried in Pioneers Rest (he donated land for its enlargement).
Baldwin L. Samuel came to the area from Kentucky. In 1869 he told a voter registration canvasser that he had been in the precinct twelve years. Samuel bought the Terry plantation near Traders Oak about 1870.
Samuel, like Roger Tandy, was a charter member of the First Baptist Church.
After Samuel died in 1879, the road from his plantation to downtown came to bear his name. Samuels Avenue runs along a bluff and still has the same grand view over the river that Ripley Arnold saw in 1849 and that Baldwin Samuel saw about 1857. During the neighborhood’s long history it has hosted the fine houses of the wealthy and the shotgun houses of laborers. It still has a few houses from the nineteenth century, but time, fire, neglect, and development have claimed many of the oldest houses.
This is a bird’s-eye-view map of the Samuels Avenue neighborhood published in 1886. You can see the square of Pioneer’s Rest Cemetery. That’s Samuels Avenue running east to west across the top of the cemetery; Cold Springs Road runs at a four o’clock angle. Believe it or not, the four houses marked A, B, C, and D are still standing. One hundred and twenty-six years later.
Here are the four today:
“A” is the Getzendaner house (1880s). John Getzendaner is listed in the 1885 city directory as a stockman. The fireplace, staircase, and molding of the interior are beautiful. The Getzendaner house is for sale and thus vulnerable.
A column brace of the back porch of the Getzendaner house.
“B” became the rear part of today’s Garvey house (1890s). The front part of the house was added after the 1886 map was drawn. William Garvey was listed in the 1885 city directory as a sand dealer. The Garvey house is for sale and thus vulnerable.
Columns and capitals of the Garvey house.
“C” is the Bennett house (1870s). David Chapman Bennett was listed in the 1878 city directory as a dry goods dealer. The Bennett house is wonderfully preserved.
“D” has no name because its early ownership is not known, but it is perhaps the oldest of the four houses, older perhaps than even the Bennett house. Its architectural style is carpenter gothic. This style inspired artist Grant Wood in 1930 when he painted American Gothic.
Each gable of the Samuels Avenue carpenter gothic has a scroll-sawn brace. The house, which hunkers in the shadow of the Lincoln Park townhomes, is the last house standing on the block. The developer who bought the house had allowed the elderly resident to live there the remainder of her days, after which the block would be developed.
The house has been boarded up and prepared for demolition.
Thus, it appears that the twenty-first century will do what the twentieth century was unable to do: take down one of our earliest nineteenth-century houses. And Samuels Avenue will have another set of steps to nowhere:
These steps once led to the grand Samuel-Foster house overlooking the river (built in 1882, demolished in 2003). On the map the house can be seen between “B” and “C.”
(Thanks to Samuels Avenue resident, historian, and preservationist John Shiflet for his help.)
Tomorrow: Samuels Avenue (Part 2): Win, Place, and Show