After robbing the Texas & Pacific train on the bridge over Mary’s Creek near Benbrook on June 4, 1887 (see Part 1), the Burrow gang lay low for a while, mostly working cattle. Well, where’s the fun and profit in that? That Benbrook MO—stopping the train on a bridge to restrict the movements of passengers and crew—had worked pretty well. So well, in fact, that the Burrow gang decided to try it again.
On September 20, 1887—fourteen weeks after the Benbrook robbery—the Burrow gang used the same MO to rob the same T&P train manned by the same crew at the same location—on the bridge over Mary’s Creek. Fort Worth Gazette clip is from September 23.
No wonder the T&P bridge over Mary’s Creek is labeled “Train Robber’s Bridge” on this 1895 county map. (From Pete Charlton’s “1000+ Lost Antique Maps of Texas & the Southwest on DVD-ROM.”)
This is the current railroad bridge over Mary’s Creek at Benbrook.
After the two robberies on Mary’s Creek, on September 24 the Gazette voiced its consternation and that of other Texas newspapers. The “Bruce” reference is to Scotland’s King Robert the Bruce, who at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 had his soldiers dig pits into which fell the advancing English soldiers. The Waco Day speculated that the robbers had used “the warm precincts of Hell’s Half Acre” as their base.
After the Benbrook double dip the Burrow gang high-tailed it out of Texas, robbing trains in Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, and the brothers’ home state of Alabama.
For example, in December 1887 the Burrow gang stopped a St. Louis, Arkansas & Texas Railroad train in Arkansas. When the agent inside the train’s Southern Express Company car heard gunfire outside, he blew out his light and hunkered down. The robbers demanded that he open up. When he refused, Rube Burrow ordered the engineer to douse the express car with oil. Rube was going to set the express car on fire. The Southern Express agent gave in. The Burrow gang escaped with a Louisiana lottery payoff—about $2,000.
The Southern Express Company did not take the loss lightly. It called in the Pinkerton Detective Agency. Now the Burrow gang was being pursued by the same outfit that would later pursue Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
Soon after the December 1887 robbery, Pinkerton detectives caught Burrow gang member William L. Brock, who gave the detectives the names of Rube and Jim Burrow. Until the brothers had begun robbing trains, they had no criminal record. So, they had not initially been suspects in the Texas train robberies, and law enforcement officers had followed red herrings at first. But Brock had given the pursuers of the gang their first lead: names.
Then came another break for the detectives. Early in 1888 a conductor on a Louisville & Nashville Railway train in Alabama became suspicious of two passengers and notified police. Police surrounded the train when it stopped and captured Jim Burrow after a gunfight. Rube Burrow shot his way out and escaped. Clip is from the January 28 Fort Worth Gazette.
Jim Burrow was jailed in Texarkana and died there of tuberculosis in October 1888.
Working without his brother now, Rube Burrow became more reckless, less calculating.
On December 15, 1888 Rube Burrow robbed an Illinois Central train in Mississippi. His accomplice was Leonard Calvert Brock (not related to William L. Brock). Leonard Calvert Brock was also known as “Joe Jackson,” and some accounts of the day said Jackson had been the only member of Sam Bass’s gang to survive the shootout at Round Rock in 1878. During the Illinois Central robbery Burrow shot and killed passenger Chester Hughes after Hughes tried to apprehend him. (Sketch from Rube Burrow, King of Outlaws, 1890.)
In 1889 Rube Burrow killed an Alabama postmaster, Moses Graves, when Graves demanded that Burrows sign for delivery of a package. The contents of the package? A wig and false beard that Burrow had ordered under an alias to disguise himself.
Rube Burrow was becoming known as the “outlaw king of Alabama,” the “Alabama Robin Hood” who never robbed a poor man.
Late in 1889 Leonard Calvert Brock and Rube separated, agreeing to rendezvous later. But Brock was captured and would commit suicide in prison. So, now Brock was dead. Rube’s brother Jim was dead. Now the outlaw king was without his court. Rube Burrow was alone. A gang of one. Rewards offered for his capture totaled $3,500 ($88,000 today).
On the night of September 1, 1890 Rube Burrow boarded a Louisville & Nashville Railway train in Flomaton, Alabama. Just as he had done in Benbrook (twice), Rube Burrow ordered the engineer to move the train out of the station and to stop on a bridge over a stream, this time the Escambia River in northern Florida. Rube ordered the engineer to use a coal pick to break down the door of the express car. Rube’s take? Just $256.19. This would be the tenth—and last—train robbery of the (now one-man) Burrow gang. Clip is from the September 3 Fort Worth Gazette.
Detectives tracked Burrow from Florida back into Alabama. On October 7, aided by four “If you see something, say something” civilians, including John McDuffie and Jefferson Davis “Dixie” Carter, detectives captured Burrow in Marengo County. (Sketches from Rube Burrow, King of Outlaws, 1890.)
On October 8 Rube Burrow, in a jail cell in Linden, Alabama, complained of being hungry. He asked John McDuffie, who was guarding him, to hand him his saddlebags, which, Burrow told McDuffie, contained some crackers. The bags also contained two pistols. Burrow, now armed, locked McDuffie in the cell and left to find Jefferson Carter, who was holding the Louisville & Nashville Railway robbery money and the sixteen-round Marlin rifle that had been taken from Burrow upon his capture. Burrow found Carter in a general store; the two men exchanged gunfire. Carter was wounded; Rube Burrow was killed. Clip is from the October 9 Dallas Morning News.
One writer of the time estimated that the Southern Express Company had spent $20,000 ($500,000 today) tracking down the Burrow gang. That writer estimated Rube Burrow’s total share of the money that his gang had taken at $5,500 ($138,000 today).
And so, on October 9, 1890 Reuben Houston Burrow boarded a train for the last time: His body was carried back to his father by rail—in an express car of the Southern Express Company.