Behemoth: Texas & Pacific Thinks Big (Really Big)

On January 25, 1929 John L. Lancaster (as in Lancaster Avenue), president of the Texas & Pacific—Fort Worth’s first railroad—announced that his company would build a new freight terminal in Fort Worth.

t&p freight planned 1-26-29 dmn

t&p freight 1905The new freight terminal would replace the 1902 freight terminal located just west of the Al Hayne memorial. This Charles Swartz photo of the 1902 terminal was taken in 1905 when President Roosevelt spoke in the public square between the freight terminal and the 1899 T&P passenger station. Clip is from the January 26 Dallas Morning News. (Photo from University of Texas at Arlington Library.)

t&p freight contracts 4-22-30 dmnIn 1929 T&P also announced plans to build, east of the new freight terminal, its grand art deco passenger terminal (Hedrick, 1931) to replace the 1899 passenger terminal. On April 21, 1930 T&P announced that construction contracts had been let for the two buildings. Clip is from the April 22 Dallas Morning News.

t&p freight photos 6-23-29 dmnOn June 23 the Dallas Morning News published architect Wyatt Hedrick’s sketches of the two new terminals. The eight-story freight terminal would be six hundred feet long and one hundred feet wide (480,000 square feet of floor space). T&P said the two buildings would cost $4 million ($54.6 million today).

1930 t&p freight depot 6-21 fwpLooking east, this 1930 photo shows excavation underway for the freight terminal. In the background is the wooden Jennings Avenue overpass, which in 1931 was replaced by the current underpass. Clip is from the April 22 Fort Worth Press. 

lancaster projects 1931In December 1930 the Star-Telegram (and Sunday Record) published a front-page spread on the transformation of the Lancaster Avenue corridor from Main Street to Henderson Street: three underpasses, two railroad terminals, one central post office, and the Fort Worth Public Market. Also under construction nearby was the new Masonic Temple. In the left photo: 1. freight terminal, 2. Jennings Avenue underpass, 3. passenger terminal, 4. post office, 5. temporary Main Street crossing at Lancaster, and 6. temporary streetcar track to the South Side. Right photo: 1. Public Market, 2. Henderson Street underpass, 3. spur track at Jarvis Street, and 4. Daggett Street.

1932 FW TP Freight Station Interior Plan1Floor plan of the first floor of the freight terminal. (From Pete Charlton’s “1000+ Lost Antique Maps of Texas & the Southwest on DVD-ROM.”)

T&P freight terminal opens 1931In a small story for such a big building, in June 1931 the Star-Telegram announced the opening of the Texas & Pacific freight terminal.

The two new terminals and three new underpasses were just part of T&P’s transformation of the south end of downtown. In 1928 the railroad had moved its yard from the Lancaster corridor to just beyond the city limits 2.5 miles southwest of the old yard.

Today the future of the grand T&P freight terminal is uncertain.

Some views:

t&p freight wide

t&p freight brick 4Back then architects just didn’t do ugly. Even in this building of massive scale and mundane function Hedrick gave us details to appreciate with those most basic of building blocks—bricks.

art deco t&p warehouselook up lamp t&p 2In the foreground, a cast iron lamp post at the old central post office.

t&p freight art deco canopyt&p freight brick 1t&p freight brick 2t&p freight brick 3

t&p freight looking up cornert&p freight looking up sidet&p freight topbuilding t&p freight

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