“He Is Dead”: “The Father of Fort Worth”

The headlines in the Fort Worth Register show what a shock his death was. John Peter Smith, the “father of Fort Worth,” died April 11, 1901.

jps death certSmith was in St. Louis when he was drugged and injured in a robbery. A tooth was broken, and his tongue became swollen and infected. Cause of death was listed as glossitis.

peter-smith-obitThe Register eulogized Smith.

Smith, who spent a half-century helping Fort Worth grow, characteristically was in St. Louis to talk with officials of the Frisco railroad about extending the line to Fort Worth.

John Peter Smith was born in Kentucky in 1831 and migrated west to Dallas. Pioneer Fort Worth resident Howard Peak, who wrote a history of Fort Worth, claimed that when Smith moved from Dallas to Fort Worth, to save money, he walked (“‘foot in hand,’ he made his way to Fort Worth from ‘three forks’ [Dallas],” the 1877 city directory said in its profile of Smith).

In 1853 Smith established the first school in Fort Worth, teaching the three Rs in the “pest hospital” (for communicable diseases) of the abandoned fort.

But Smith himself suffered from ill health and was forced to close his school. He then became a surveyor, as this 1856 Dallas Herald ad shows.

Smith later passed the bar exam, fought for the Confederacy, returned to Fort Worth, and began to deal in real estate. By the early 1880s he was reported to be the largest landowner in Fort Worth.

When a person’s long civic career is compressed into a few paragraphs, it seems that all he did was serve his city. Indeed, John Peter Smith participated in the campaign to have the county seat moved from Birdville to Fort Worth. He was a partner in the Fort Worth Street Railway Company. In 1891 he helped develop the first stockyards in Fort Worth.

John Peter Smith helped organize the first water department, gas light company (ads are from the 1885 city directory), and school system. He served six terms as mayor. He donated the land that John Peter Smith Hospital is built on so that Fort Worth “could have the best of medical care.” He donated land for parks and churches and for Emanuel Hebrew Rest and Oakwood cemeteries.

Whew. And how much did he get done after lunch?

jps 1900 censusBy 1889 Smith was living in this house on West 3rd Street between Florence and Burnet streets near today’s First United Methodist Church.

jps house swartzPhoto from David H. Swartz’s Photographs of Fort Worth, circa 1890-1899.

ward 2 Peter Smith SchoolIn 1910 a ward school would be built on the Smith homestead and named for him.

When the Texas Spring Palace burned in 1890, Smith was credited with rescuing a six-year-old girl.

In April 1901 Smith’s body was returned from St. Louis to Fort Worth, fittingly, on the Texas & Pacific railroad, which he had worked to bring to Fort Worth in 1876. Honorary pallbearers, predictably, were a who’s who of Fort Worth, among them K. M. Van Zandt, B. B. Paddock, M. B. Loyd, J. J. Jarvis, J. C. Terrell, M. G. Ellis, and Howard Peak.

John Peter Smith is buried in Oakwood Cemetery on land he donated to the city.

Today, again fittingly, a memorial to John Peter Smith (his likeness cast from a death mask) stands on downtown property that he had donated to Fort Worth just north of St. Patrick’s Cathedral.

smith streetsmith street 1893By 1893 a street already had been named for John Peter Smith near streets named for two other “street gang” members: Ephraim Merrell Daggett and James Jones Jarvis.

Postscript: Less than a year after Smith’s fateful trip to St. Louis to talk with Frisco officials, the railroad began service in Fort Worth.

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2 Responses to “He Is Dead”: “The Father of Fort Worth”

  1. David Williams says:

    I am wondering where these two monuments are located…the school plaque and the J.P. Smith monument.

    • hometown says:

      David, the school plaque is in that little park just northeast of the Criminal Justice Building. The bust is in a small triangular park just north of St. Patrick Cathedral.

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